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Ouwehand M. Everyday Tsonga
The Central Mission Press, Cleveland, Transvaal 1965. 124 pages.
The Tsonga or Xitsonga language is spoken in southe Africa by the Tsonga people, also known as the Shangaan. Tsonga belongs to the Bantu branch of the Niger-Congo languages. The language of the Tsonga people is wrongly called Xichangana (or "Shangaan" by outsiders) because the people were under the Leadership of Soshangana "Manukusa" (Zulu). Shangaan has different variants, some of which are considered different languages by some linguists: e.g. Tsonga, Ndawu, Ronga and Tswa. In South Africa most of the VaTsonga now live in places like e.g. Nkowankowa, Giyani, Malamulele, N'wamitwa, Muhlava, Elim (Axipilongo, ka Jiwawa) in Limpopo province in South Africa. Tsonga is spoken by about 1,972,000 people in South Africa's Limpopo province as well as Gauteng Province and Mpumalanga Province, as well as 1.5 million people in Mozambique, and 19,000 people in Swaziland. There are also 100,000 speakers in Zimbabwe.