• формат pdf
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Pierrehumbert R.T. Principles of Planetary Climate
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, 2010, 678 pp. - ISBN 978-0-521-86556-2
Key words: Planetary meteorology. Climatology. Paleoclimatology.
This book introduces the reader to all the basic physical building blocks of climate needed to understand the present and past climate of Earth, the climates of Solar System planets, and the climates of the newly discovered extrasolar planets. These building blocks include thermodynamics, infrared radiative transfer, scattering, surface heat transfer and various processes goveing the evolution of atmospheric composition. General phenomena such as Snowball Earth states, habitability zones, and the Runaway Greenhouse are used to illustrate the interplay of the basic building blocks of physics. The reader will also acquire a quantitative understanding of such key problems as the Faint Young Sun, the nature of Titan's cold liquid-methane hydrological cycle, and the warm, wet Early Mars climate, in addition to phenomena related to anthropogenic global warming on Earth, Earth's glacial-interglacial cycles, and their analogues on other planets. Exploration of simple analytical solutions is used throughout as a means to build the intuition needed to interpret the behavior of more complex phenomena requiring numerical simulation. Where numerical simulation is necessary, all necessary algorithms are developed in the text, and implemented in user-modifiable software modules supplied in the online supplement to the book. Nearly 400 problems are supplied to help consolidate the reader's understanding, and to lead the reader towards original research on planetary climate.
The Big Questions.
Thermodynamics in a nutshell.
Elementary models of radiation balance.
Radiative transfer in temperature-stratified atmospheres.
The surface energy balance.
Variation of temperature with season and latitude.
Evolution of the atmosphere.
A peek at dynamics.
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